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The Congo Free State- In search of the historical truth - Guido De Weerd

DATE DE SORTIE: 08/09/2017
ISBN: 978-2-9601681-4-3
AUTEUR: Guido De Weerd

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Today's Democratic Republic of the Congo has its origins in the sovereign pre-colonial state known as the Congo Free State (CFS). The CFS itself emerged following the dramatic birth of the kingdom of Belgium in 1830 and reactions to William I of Orange's armed forces invading Belgium in August 1831. Nearly two centuries later, the marks left by the decisions taken at that time still appear in the news. The Dutch assault had revealed the precariousness of Belgian resources, compared to countries which had already acquired the greater part of their colonial empires in Africa and elsewhere by that time. This prompted Leopold I to look for means of replacing the assets lost during the separation from Holland. Using his own funds, he financed several expeditions and attempts at settling in Central America and Africa - albeit without success - and passed this ideal on to his son, Leopold II, who would succeed him on 17 December 1865. The expeditions organized by the new king were equally unfruitful, however. That was until Anglo-American explorer Henry M. Stanley was rather poorly received in London following a memorable east-to-west crossing of the African continent in 1877. This snub led him to respond to an invitation from Leopold II, who agreed to fund the famous explorer's further expeditions. Arriving at the mouth of the Congo River, one soon came across numerous countries claiming free access to the river which was compared to the Danube. This, in fact, was what prompted the famous Berlin Conference, the goal of which was not to partition Africa but to draw up rules that would prevent conflict between those countries and thus avert any repercussions in Europe. In this book, the author describes how the concept and international agreement of spheres of influence - still in use today in international politics - dates from this time. The Congo Free State, which Leopold II had designed as a free confederation of black peoples, encountered numerous problems. The various chapters of this book relate these problems, helping the reader to discover that the Batetela never actually rebelled, that the creation of a huge Muslim caliphate in the east of the CFS was only narrowly averted, and that traditional barbarism and the practice of cannibalism in certain areas - to which even small children fell victim - were yet to be eradicated. In his search for historical accuracy, the author attempts to discern myth from reality concerning the atrocity of the cut-off hands, a story constantly retold in the media alongside various erroneous accusations.And, last but not least, the book reveals that on a political level, the authorities had to defend the CFS against the greed of those who, with official endorsement, campaigned for a new partition of the Congo Basin. The final chapter of the book presents a critical analysis of several contemporary works that touch upon aspects of the country's history. It reveals many distortions of the facts, often concealed by the artistic quality of these works and by the media promoting them. This phenomenon is known as suspension of disbelief in the filmmaking industry, an industry which has not held back itself from exploiting the history of the CFS. It is the search for the historical truth of this history, rich in dramatic events, to which the present work aims to contribute. of European investors headed by Leopold II, King of the Belgians ... Secondary sources | Congo Free State ... . The e-book The Congo Free State: The History and Legacy of the Colony Established by King Leopold II of Belgium was certainly enlightening. I consider King Leopold II to be very intelligent, shrewd, a born diplomat and immoral in the manner how he obtained the Congo Free State. He stressed to the public his desire for the abolishment of slavery and bringing Christianity to the pagans. King ... The Congo became private property of King Leopold II of Bel ... Congo History & Timeline — Welcome to the Congo Reform ... ... . King ... The Congo became private property of King Leopold II of Belgium in 1885, and was referred to as the "Congo Free State." After multiple protests and debates in the Belgian parliament, caused by ... Noah, a slight teenager wearing jeans and sneakers, is dwarfed by the bronze statue of Belgium's King Leopold II astride a horse. The statue, set high on a concrete plinth, has stood opposite the ... Crisis in the Congo: Uncovering The Truth explores the role that the United States and its allies, Rwanda and Uganda, have played in triggering the greatest humanitarian crisis at the dawn of the 21st century. The film is a short version of a feature length production to be released in the near future. It locates the Congo crisis in a historical, social and political context. It unveils ... Template:Infobox Former Country. The Congo Free State was a government privately controlled by Leopold II, King of the Belgians through a non-governmental organization, the Association internationale africaine.Leopold was the sole shareholder and chairman, who increasingly used it for rubber, copper and other minerals in the upper Lualaba River basin (though it had been set up on the ... Below is a list of the key texts available on the subject of the Congo Free State, the movement for Congo reform and the key figures involved: Ascherson, N. The King Incorporated: Leopold the Second and the Congo. London: Granta, 1999. Barnett, M. Empire of Humanity: A History of Humanitarianism. New York: Cornell University Press,… Forever in chains: The tragic history of Congo The most blighted nation on earth goes to the polls this weekend - more in hope than expectation that stability and peace might result. Crisis in the Congo: Uncovering The Truth explores the role that the United States allies, Rwanda and Uganda, have played in triggering the greatest humanitarian crisis at the dawn of the 21st century.. Millions of Congolese have lost their lives in a conflict that the United Nations describes as the deadliest in the world since World War Two. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Congo Free State. État indépendant du Congo. 1885-1908: Banner. Coat o airms. Motto: French: Travail et progrès (Wirk an Progress) Anthem: Vers l'avenir. Status: State in Personal union wi the Kinrick o Belgium: Caipital: Boma: Common leids: French (de facto offeecial), mair nor 200 indigenous leids: Govrenment: Absolute monarchy: Sovereign • 1885-1908 ... Kisangani's book is also primarily historical, analyzing half a dozen episodes of conflict in different parts of Congo going back to the 1960s. For Kisangani, the country's instability stems from the failure of the central state to accommodate the aspirations of regional elites in the provinces, who respond by provoking ethnic disputes as a way of getting attention from the central ... About. Crisis in the Congo: Uncovering The Truth explores the role that the United States and its allies, Rwanda and Uganda, have played in triggering the greatest humanitarian crisis at the dawn of the 21st century. The Congo Free State was a former state in Africa which is now entitled The Democratic Republic of the Congo. It was created in the 1880s as the private holding of European investors. The Congo was led by Leopold II, who was the king of the Belgians. The members of the Congo Free State military intentionally maimed, murdered, tortured and raped millions of Congolese people. Leopold believed ... On 2 May 1885, the Congo Free State was established by King Leopold II of Belgium. Congo was a large region in central Africa that had been able to resist European penetration. It occupies most of the Congo River basin and was controlled by the Belgian King. The region's workers were ordered to use a small percentage of land that was not farmed as state property and the population could only ... The Congo Free State (French: État indépendant du Congo) was a large area in Central Africa.It was privately owned by Leopold II, King of the Belgians.Leopold convinced the international community that he was involved in humanitarian work. He attracted scientific and humanitarian backing for the International African Association (French: Association internationale africaine), which he f...